In:Sand_Additive Manufacturing




Project Objective : Our research is focused on nano scale understanding of material behaviour to shape-control-design landforms. Making a small intervention through deposition of a binder into an abundant naturalmaterial, letting nature’s forces to take over to present and fade away landforms. A small intervention for a big change! What if we could control how our landforms are shaped using natural forces and natural materials of abundance? Can we really decide and design landforms of the future, literally?

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SELF – ADAPTIVE MEMBRANE _ A passive kinetic system

Self-adaptive Membrane1

The Self-Adaptive membrane is as totally passive and kinetic system that allows the expansion on a geometry that automatically responds to the natural increase of heat of the environment. Many systems available in the market use motors and sensors to conserve energy expended on cooling and heating, however these systems require electricity to operate. Our research is based on the use a thermo responsive smart material: Shape Memory Alloy and the exploit of its full capacities to achieve a passive performance.

Team: Nohelia Gonzalez / Shreyas More

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Contemporary architectural trends of predominantly glazed facades correspond to the human desire of maximal daylight and transparency inside of their built environment. However, such large glazed areas come along with a large amount of solar radiation which has a major impact on a building’s interior tempering.
Particularly in such regions with tropical climatic conditions the probability of overheating is supplemented with a frequent lack of air ventilation due to constantly high ambient humidity. High energy consuming ventilation and air conditioning systems are often required to provide a pleasant indoor climate. For instance the number of private households with air-conditioning in Malaysia have increased from 13.000 in 19070 (0.8%) to 775.000 in 2000 (16.2%). In fact, 29% of the total yearly Energy Consumption of Malaysia (24.5 GJ/ year) is used for cooling processes, including Air Conditioning systems and ceiling fans.
Within the scope of this research project the approach is to provide solutions for the central problem of poor ventilation and overheating at hot and humid locations by identifying if a facade envelope can operate as a self-regulating system responding to individual environmental conditions.

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Multiplying a colour changing pixel on a skin to display real time data with the technology at hand today a lot of interactive building facades have come into existence. Although some maybe powered by passive means replacing the medium of the visual field itself has rarely been attempted. The idea of our project is to develop a pixel that changes colour in response to environmental changes and to exercise control over this colour change. A composition that could facilitate control through remote interfaces. This research opens up the possibilities of a new paradigm in how we use mechanically powered systems to control visual representation. We believe our project has the potential to contribute more to the concept of smart cities in terms of information sharing and display. Retail outlets could have passive facades that change seasonally which communicate a required message to customers. Skyscrapers could have skins that project any form of visual data to interact with people outside or even with other buildings. Building skins can be passive systems for real time data visualization. Thus smart cities can have smart buildings with communicate through their facades.


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REMEMBRANE. Ji Won Jun, Josep Alcover, Matteo Silverio.


REMEMBRANE.NET [click to visit our site]

REMEMBRANE BOOK [click to read]


The Remembrane project is a research that aims to design a new adaptable system that can be endlessly reshaped to meet the requirements of the users and perform in an efficient and sustainable way. It is based on the study of tensegrity and pantograph structures as a starting point to develop multiple digital and physical models of different systems. It is not the goal of the project to design a specific architectural or urban element but to define a system that could be further developped in many different ways.

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